Florence is the capital city of Tuscany and it is its most populous city, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area.
Located on the banks of the River Arno, Florence is famous for its history and especially its importance in the Middle Ages and during the Renaissance, its art and architecture and, more generally, for its cultural heritage.
A turbulent political history includes periods of rule by the powerful Medici family, and numerous religious and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1870 the city was also the capital of the recently established Kingdom of Italy.
The historic centre of Florence attracts millions of tourists each year, and it was declared a World Heritage Site UNESCO in 1982.
It is also an important city in Italian fashion, being ranked within the top fifty fashion capitals of the world; furthermore, it is also a major national economic centre, being a tourist and industrial hub.
Florence calls to mind the unique territory of Chianti, the rolling hills and countryside around the city where row upon row of grapevines ripen in the sun to produce the Sangiovese grapes used to make the fine red wine called "Chianti".